What causes cracked heels

What causes cracked heels?

                                                  13 surprising causes of cracked heels                                                                                                                           Are you concerned about the deteriorating state of your heels? Are you curious about what causes cracked heels? The skin around the heels is sensitive and even the slightest neglect can lead to damage to the skin. It is commonly said that cracked heels show the lack of care and nourishment but this is not always true.  Cracked heels are also referred to as heel fissures, can range between a cosmetic issue to a painful problem, depending on its severity. Heel fissures or cracked heels occur when the skin on outer edge or bottom of heel become hard, flaky and dry.

Dry skin or xerosis is the most natural causes for cracked heels. When the skin around heel gets dried or thick callous has developed around the rim, it loses its elasticity. Thus, callous does not flex along with the inner layers of skin tissue. Impact and friction between layers of tissue while walking triggers cracking on the outer epidermis. Once cracks develop on the heel, the cracks go deeper due to ground reaction forces and result in damage to the dermis layer. 

There is a common misconception among people who cracked heels are only caused due to dryness. But, dry skin is not the only culprit for cracked heels, other reasons that cause cracked heels include –13 surprising causes of cracked heels

    • Excessive exposure to wetness – During activities that involve remaining in water for prolonged
      period of time, the strength of the skin is affected. It leads to dryness on a layer of skin and causes cracked heels.
    • Sweating – When sweat around the heel area does not evaporate, or the person is prone to excessive sweating, the skin around heel becomes soggy. Dampness triggers the development of callus. Formation of callus results in cracking of the skin.
    • Standing on hard surfaces – When a person stands on hard surfaces, especially, barefooted, for long periods of time, mechanical forces causes heels to crack. If a person is obese or overweight, there is a higher probability of heel cracking due to excess pressure on the heels.
    • Calluses and corns – When the area around heel becomes thick, it leads to the development of corns and calluses. If there is an increase in pressure on the heel, it leads the heel to spread sideways causing and causes cracking.
    • Diseases – Illness or metabolic disorder that causes the skin to dry leads to cracking. This includes disorders like diabetes, Thyroid, Eczema, Psoriasis and others.

    Do not neglect cracked heels as they can turn into serious medical issues later. Look for itchy, flaky or patchy heels as these are common symptoms of cracked heels. Start immediate treatment or contact a medical advisor if problem persists13 surprise causes of cracked heels


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